Donor egg is a fertility treatment where a young, healthy woman’s eggs are harvested and used to produce embryos that are subsequently transferred into a recipient woman’s uterus to establish a pregnancy. The recipient carries the pregnancy and gives birth to the baby. Florida Fertility Institute offers two distinct donor egg options 1) the standard donor egg program utilizing fresh donor eggs or 2) frozen donor eggs from our affiliation with Donor Egg Bank (DEB) USA.
Egg Donor Profiles
Prospective parents may view the profiles of the fresh egg donor profile or the DEB USA frozen egg donor profile that meet their needs. To begin the search, please register with Florida Fertility Institute.
Indicators For Donor Eggs
- Age-related Infertility: Most patients utilize donor eggs because of age-related infertility. Patients who fail IVF are the biggest majority of those seeking egg donation.
- Loss of Ovarian Function: Women who lose ovarian function due to surgical procedures like removal of ovarian cysts or endometriosis.
- Recurrent Pregnancy Loss: Patients who have repetitive miscarriages. Frequently, these miscarriages are due to chromosomal errors in the eggs.
- Cancer Treatments: Patients who have lost their ovarian function due to cancer treatments like radiation or chemotherapy.
- Genetic disorders: Patients with a genetic illness which would put offspring at severe risk of disease. These may be certain recessive disorders or X-linked disorders that only occur when the females’ eggs are used. Donor eggs circumvent this problem.
“ Donor egg offers the highest pregnancy rates of any fertility treatment”
Choosing an Egg Donor
There is no one right way to choose an egg donor. Choosing an egg donor is an individual journey and each person or couple will make choices based on their family building goals. You are likely to have physical, mental and emotional preferences in choosing an egg donor.
There is no perfect donor. You are unique and have qualities and characteristics that only you possess. You can expect to match most of the items that are important to you, however, it is unlikely that a donor may meet every criteria you desire.
Consider choosing an egg donor that looks like you or complements some of your characteristics. Many people will share with you their unsolicited thoughts as to who they think your baby looks like.
The level of formal education will vary widely among egg donors. Some donors have had greater access to a formal education while others may have found the endeavor financially challenging or perhaps pursued other goals. While a higher level of education may afford some recipients peace of mind, it doesn’t necessarily point to the level of intelligence of the donor.
Once you narrow your choices based on the traits you desire, take time to read the donor’s personal statements. Her personal comments may give you a glimpse into the heart of your donor and her desire to help you become a parent.
Fresh Versus Frozen Donor Eggs
||Synchronization Required||Synchronization Not Required|
||Varies – Usually 10 – 20 Mature Eggs||5 – 8 Mature Eggs|
||20 – 30 Donors||182|
||50 – 70%||40 – 60%|
Frozen egg donation cycles are rarely cancelled compared to the 5% of fresh donor egg cycles that are cancelled. Egg donors are normal individuals and “life” will happen. A donor may experience unexpected changes in her schedule, may not take her injections correctly or perhaps not produce enough eggs during the cycle. With a frozen donor egg cycle the recipient will have greater control over the treatment process by removing the risk of cancellation due to any donor-specific delays. However, the recipient usually obtains a larger amount of mature eggs from a fresh egg donor which can result in the potential for more cryopreserved embryos.
Fresh Donor Egg Process
1) The recipient views the prescreened egg donors on our website and selects a specific egg donor. The IVF Coordinator contacts the selected egg donor for availability to determine when recipient and donor cycles can be synchronized.
2) The egg donor will begin the IVF procedure by taking fertility medications to stimulate her eggs to produce multiple eggs. The egg donor is monitored with ultrasounds and blood tests to determine when the eggs are mature.
3) At the same time that the egg donor is undergoing ovarian stimulation with fertility medications, the recipient is taking the hormones estrogen and progesterone to prepare the lining of her uterus, the endometrium, for implantation of the subsequent embryo. The recipient will also be monitored with ultrasounds and hormone assays to ensure that the endometrium is appropriately prepared for the embryo transfer.
4) When the donor’s eggs are mature, she undergoes egg retrieval under intravenous sedation using trans-vaginal ultrasound.
5) The donor eggs are then fertilized with the recipient’s partner’s (or donor) sperm. The embryos are then incubated and observed for fertilization and development. On day 5 after egg retrieval an embryo is transferred into the recipient’s uterus. Excess, good quality embryos can be cryopreserved. Recipients will have a pregnancy test 2 weeks following the embryo transfer.
Frozen Donor Egg Process
1) The recipient views the screened donors on the DEB USA website and selects a specific egg donor. The patient arranges payment to DEB USA and DEB USA handles the transfer of the frozen donor eggs to Florida Fertility Institute. DEB USA notifies our IVF Coordinator the donor match has been finalized.
2) The recipient takes hormones, estrogen to prepare the lining of her uterus for embryo transfer and implantation.
3) When the endometrium is appropriately thickened, the frozen donor eggs are thawed and fertilized with the recipient partner’s (or donor) sperm. The recipient adds progesterone to her hormone regimen and five days later the embryo is transferred to the recipient’s uterus. Excess, good quality embryos can be cryopreserved. Recipients will have a pregnancy test 2 weeks following the embryo transfer.
While each person’s experience in choosing a donor is different, we hope this document guides you in the selection of your future egg donor candidate. Speak with our IVF Coordinator if you have any questions regarding the donor egg treatment process.